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Wildlife and Offshore Wind
Wildlife and Offshore Wind

Wildlife and Offshore Wind in New York State

BRI has been working with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) since 2012 on topics relating to wildlife and offshore wind energy development. This work has included stakeholder engagement, workshops, literature reviews, report development, and other efforts.

Current support for the regionally focused Environmental Technical Working Group is being led by Kate WilliamsJulia Gulka, and Ed Jenkins.

New York State Environmental Technical Working Group (E-TWG)

NYSERDA has brought together a team of stakeholders for advice on how to advance offshore wind energy development in environmentally responsible ways offshore of the eastern United States (from Massachusetts to North Carolina). The New York State Environmental Technical Working Group (E-TWG) is made up of offshore wind developers, environmental nongovernmental organizations (eNGOs), state and federal regulatory agencies, and others, and provides advice and guidance to help steer the State’s efforts to advance offshore wind development in environmentally responsible ways. BRI provides technical support for this effort.

To learn more about E-TWG, visit the website at

State of the Science Workshops

State of the Science Workshops

The first State of the Science Workshop, hosted by NYSERDA, was held on November 13-14, 2018. This workshop brought together stakeholders engaged with environmental and wildlife research relevant to offshore wind energy development, to promote coordination and collaboration in efforts along the eastern seaboard from Massachusetts to North Carolina.

The second State of the Science Workshop on Wildlife and Offshore Wind Energy focused on understanding cumulative impacts. This workshop was hosted by NYSERDA, and was a completely virtual event held on November 16-20, 2020. The Workshop was a great success with over 460 attendees from 20 countries and 21 states in the U.S., 23 plenary speakers, and 20 lightning talks. Workshop efforts focused on assessing the state of the knowledge regarding offshore wind development’s cumulative effects on wildlife populations and ecosystems, and working to identify key studies that can be conducted in the next 3-5 years to improve our understanding of such issues as the wind industry continues to develop in the U.S.

Wildlife and Marine Wind Energy Reports

Wildlife and Marine Wind Energy Reports

New York State Environmental Technical Working Group Annual Bulletin 2020
The first annual E-TWG newsletter summarizes E-TWG activities and highlights from 2019-2020. Dowload bulletin
Bird and Bat Research Framework Report
NYSERDA is funding the development of a scientific research framework to guide the long-term study of potential impacts to birds and bats from offshore wind energy development in the eastern United States. This collaborative effort includes input from a range of stakeholders, including scientists, environmental nonprofits, regulators, and offshore wind energy developers. A working meeting was convened on March 4-6, 2020 to inform the development of the scientific research framework. A meeting summary from the workshop will be posted once it is available at

The Dynamic Ocean: Offshore Wind Energy and Other Activities in the New York Bight (2019)

Offshore wind in the U.S. is being introduced into a highly dynamic and human-influenced system. This 20-page public report summarizes the environmental impacts of offshore wind and other human activities in the marine environment in the New York Bight, and reviews the state's approaches for understanding and minimizing conflicts among human uses while protecting natural resources. Download Report

The 2018 State of the Science Workshop Proceedings
This 83-page summary of the first State of the Science Workshop on Wildlife and Offshore Wind Energy Development held in November 2018 covers the plenary and poster presentations in detail, as well as discussing key findings and knowledge gaps. Download proceedings

NYSERDA Environmental Research Program Plan Research Area 4: Marine Wind and Wildlife (2015)
This research plan was developed with input from state and federal regulators, academia, nonprofit organizations, industry, and other stakeholders, and identified key environmental information gaps and research needs for marine wind energy development offshore of New York State. Specifically, the report aims to identify immediate, urgent information needs to ensure that offshore research and monitoring efforts are orchestrated to address the data gaps of greatest need for New York State. Download Report

Advancing the Environmentally Responsible Development of Offshore Wind Energy in New York State: A Regulatory Review and Stakeholder Perceptions (2015)
This report describes the landscape for federal and State environmental and permitting regulations related to offshore wind development in New York State, and summarizes stakeholder perspectives on how to improve or clarify those regulations. The contents of this report were derived through a collaborative process involving a diverse group of federal regulators and managers, State regulators and managers, offshore wind developers, environmental consultants, and national and State-specific eNGOs. Download Report

Photo Credits: White-winged Scoter © Daniel Poleschook; Short-beaked common dolphins © Anthony Pierce; Dogfish shark © Boris Pamikov-shutterstock photo; Big brown bat © Michael Durham; Coldwater coral © stock photo; Loggerhead sea turtle © Kate Sutherland; School of fish © UZPhoto-shutterstock; Dynamic Ocean cover photo © Getty Images; People at presentation © NYSERDA
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